The Bancor protocol is a standard that allows anyone to easily create completely liquid â€œsmart tokensâ€ that calculate their own prices & enable a single party to convert any token to another, without requiring a second party to exchange with. Thereby enabling the long-tail of completely liquid cryptocurrencies. Smart tokens hold other tokens in reserve, and can be used as decentralized token baskets (like ETFs), token changers (like shapeshift), project & protocol tokens (like GNT & REP), community currencies (like Ithacash & reward miles), and a lot of other use cases. The BANCOR network token will hold a single reserve in Ether. Other smart tokens, by using BANCOR as (one of) their reserve(s), connect to the BANCOR network. The BANCOR network token forms a monetary structure where increased demand for any of the networkâ€™s smart tokens drives up the value of the common BANCOR token, benefiting all other smart tokens holding it in reserve.